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Battambang

Battambang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Battambang
ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង
马德望市
—  City  —
Kranhoung Stick King
Battambang is located in Cambodia
Battambang
Location of Battambang, Cambodia
Coordinates: 13°06′N 103°12′E
Country Cambodia
ProvinceBattambang
Settled11th Century
Official1907
Government
 • TypeCity Municipality
Population (2009)
 • Total250,000[citation needed]

[1]
Time zoneCambodia (UTC+7)
WebsiteCity of Battambang

Battambang (Khmer: ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង) is the capital city of Battambang province in northwestern Cambodia.

Battambang is the second-largest city in Cambodia with a population of over 250,000[citation needed]. Founded in the 11th century by the Khmer Empire, Battambang is well known for being the leading rice-producing province of the country. For over 500 years, it was the main commercial hub of Siam's Eastern Provinces, though it was always populated by Khmer with a mix of ethnic Vietnamese, Lao, Thai and Chinese. Still today Battambang is the main hub of the Northwest connecting the entire region with Phnom Penh and Thailand, and as such it’s a vital link to Cambodia.

The city is situated by the Sangker River, a tranquil, small body of water that winds its way through Battambang Province providing its nice picturesque setting. As with much of Cambodia, the French Colonial architecture is an attractive bonus of the city. It is home to some of the best-preserved, French colonial architecture in the country.

History

Battambang was established as an important trading city with around 2,500 residents in the 18th century. They lived mostly along a single road parallel to the Sangke River. In 1795 Thailand annexed much of northwestern Cambodia including the provinces of Battambang and Siem Reap. The Abhaiwongse family rule Battambang for six generations which lasted until 1907 when the province was ceded to the French to be part of their Indochina colony.

Following the colonization of the French in Battambang the colonial administration developed an urban layout which enlarged the size of the French colonial town. In the first time development, they constructed a grid pattern of well-defined streets, put in the urban structures and built three main streets parallel to the Sangker River, connected the both side with two bridges in 1917. Military purposes and prison infrastructures were erected inside the compound. 19 years later, a second urban development plan was created with a newly constructed railway linked from Battambang to Phnom Penh. The urban structure was extended to the west of the town, featuring some important urban axes orienting on the railway station. Many outstanding buildings like residential villas and significant public buildings were constructed during that period. According to the third urban development plan for Battambang, a large extension was planned for the north, east and south of the city. The urban layout was technically planned and required long-term thinking to create an urban axis corresponding to the existing urban layout from the former period. Battambang grew as a modern provincial capital, and became the most developed part of all provinces in Cambodia.

Several large infrastructures and public facilities were built under the modernization program of the Cambodian government under Prince Sihanouk. Several provincial departments, the court house and other public administrations were set up on both sides of the river. Textile and garment factories were built by French and Chinese investors, the Battambang Airport was constructed, and the railway line was developed to reach Poipet. Numerous schools and a university were built. A sports centre, museum and an exhibition hall were constructed to serve the cultural needs of the growing population.

Climate

[hide]Climate data for Batdambang
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31
(88)
33
(92)
35
(95)
36
(96)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
32.2
(89.9)
Average low °C (°F)19
(67)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(75)
23
(74)
22
(72)
20
(68)
22.9
(73.3)
Precipitation mm (inches)5
(0.2)
18
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
86
(3.4)
157
(6.2)
147
(5.8)
155
(6.1)
155
(6.1)
259
(10.2)
224
(8.8)
84
(3.3)
25
(1)
1,364
(53.7)
Source: Weatherbase [1]
Wat Peapahd Temple in Battambang
A street in Battambang

Kamping Puoy Lake

locates between two mountains, named Phnom Kul or Phnom Ta Nget and Phnom Kamping Puoy, at Ta Nget village, Ta Kriem Commune in 35-kilometre (22 mi) distance from the provincial town. Kamping Puoy lake has 1,900-metre (6,230 ft) width, 19-kilometre (12 mi) length and can load 110,000,000 cubic metres (3.8846×109 cu ft). It is a fabulous lake famous for its giant lotus flowers which a social project named Samatoa use to make an extraordinary fabric. Embark a boat through the lotus flowers and ask for a free visit to the lotus center. You will discover a unique process to spin and weave the lotus fibers to make a new organic fabric. These activities employ more than 20 underprivileged women's around the lake.Back to the center of Battambang visit their tailor made workshop on road 2, #111. More on www.lotus-flower-fabric.com.

Ramayana depicted on carvings from the 11th century
Buddhist temple in Battambang

Baset Temple was built during the reign of King Suryavarman II (1002–1050) and located on a hill at Baset village, Ta Pun commune in 15-kilometre (9 mi) distance from the provincial town. Baset temple adapts the architecture of 11th century and built in 1036 and 1042. Next to the temple, there is a pond having 20-metre (66 ft) length 12-metre (39 ft) width and 10-metre (33 ft) depth. The pond is never dried, though in the dry season. In rainy season, the water level is higher than usual.

Wat Ek

adapts the architecture of 11th century and built in 1027 during the reign of King Suryavarman II (1002–1050). It is located at Piem Ek commune in 14-kilometre (9 mi) from the provincial town.

Prasat Banan

adapts the architecture of mid 11th century and the end of 12th century the temple was first built by King Dharanindravarman II (1050–1066) and was built finally built by the King Jayavarman VII (1181–1220). The temple is located on the top of approximate 400-metre (1,310 ft) heighten mountain at Koh Tey 2 commune, Banan District in 15-kilometre (9 mi) distance from the provincial town by the provincial Road No 155 parallel to Sangker River. At the mountain’s valley, there are Ku Teuk and two main natural well, namely: Bit Meas and Chhung or Chhung Achey.

Prasat Snung

characterizes as three separated stupas made of brick, located on a hill having 30-metre (98 ft) length and 20-metre (66 ft) width, in Snung pagoda’s area, Snung commune, Banan District in 22-kilometre (14 mi) distance from the provincial town. According to the style at the gate, the temple is similar to other temples in 12th century. Behind the temple, there is another new constructing temple.

Phnom Sampov

is the natural resort located along the National Road No 57 (the former National Road No10) at Sam Puoy commune (the high land having more than 100-metre (330 ft) height) in 12-kilometre (7 mi) distance from the provincial town of Battambang. On the top of Sam Puoy mountain, there are temple and three natural wells, namely Pkar Slar, Lo Khuon and Ak Sopheak. Next to Sam Puoy mountain, there are some main mountains, the natural site like Phnom Trung Moan, Phnom Trung Tea and Phnom Neang Rum Say Sork. These mountains related to the Cambodia folk legend of Reach Kol Neang Rum Say Sork.

Sek Sak Resort

is the natural resort, which has been popular since before the civil war time. Sek Sak stretches along the river bank full of plant, trees and bamboo-green nature in 500-metre (1,640 ft) length. As long as visiting Sek Sak, tourists can also visit other attractive sites like Po Pus Pich Chen Da Dong Tong and Sa Ang speak, the pre-history site in five kilometer (3.1 mi) to six kilometer (3.75 mi) distance from each other. Sek Sak located Treng commune, Rotanak Mondul District in 50-kilometre (31 mi) distance from the provincial town of Battambang along the National Road No 57, the former National Road No 10.

Nory (Bamboo Train)

is overseen by the tourist police and runs from just outside of the city to a village that has a brick factory. See Norry for more information.

Battambang Circus (Phare Ponleu Selpak)

gives performances every Monday and Thursday evening. The shows include a range of circus disciplines including acrobatics, juggling, aerial work, clowning, tightrope walking and aqua-balance. The shows are put on by students from the NGO arts school, Phare Ponleu Selpak. This organisation helps disadvantaged children and young people escape from situations connected with poverty such as begging or trafficking and to get an education, both in normal public school and in the arts.


This page is copy from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battambang

 

 

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